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第十一周 通过中兴事件看科技创新 周向阳
发布时间: 2018/5/8 16:42:23 阅读次数:

通过中兴事件看科技创新

周向阳

尊敬的各位老师,亲爱的同学们,大家早上好!

今天我和大家分享的主题是“通过中兴事件看科技创新”。

美国商务部4月16日宣布,未来7年将禁止美国公司向中兴通讯销售零部件、商品、软件和技术,这被称为中兴事件。中兴通讯是谁,我们来简要了解一下。中兴通讯全称是中兴通讯股份有限公司,前身是1985年成立的深圳市中兴半导体有限公司。目前是全球领先的综合通信解决方案提供商,中国最大的通信设备上市公司,产品涵盖手机、无线、有线、业务、终端和核心网等领域。但半导体行业协会数据显示,中兴约有30%-40%的核心芯片和器件依赖美国进口,此事件又被称为芯片危机。

近几年,虽然我国在墨子“传信”、神舟飞天、高铁飞奔、“天眼”探空、北斗组网、超算“发威”、大飞机首飞、集成电路等创新上呈跨越式发展。但目前中国仍有许多产业像电子产业一样,核心技术仍被外企垄断,“缺芯少魂”没有得到根本性转变。如:中国钢铁产量世界第一,但特种钢铁却大量依赖进口;中国高铁核心动力系统、控制系统却来自西门子;中国的PC产量第一,计算机的芯片基本被美国Intel 和AMD垄断;中国汽车市场名列世界前茅,汽车发动机仍受制于人。

在美国制裁中兴前,很多人并不清楚我国芯片产业的短板。残酷的事实表明,我国除了移动通信终端和核心网络设备有部分集成电路产品占有率超过10%外,包括计算机系统中的MPU、通用电子系统中的FPGA、DSP、通信装备中的嵌入式MPU和DSP、存储设备中的DRAM和Nand Flash、显示及视频系统中的Display Driver,国产芯片占有率都是0。芯片产业长期被国外厂商控制,进口额常年高居不下,近几年已经超过了石油和大宗商品,成为我国第一大进口商品。芯片制造属于高端制造业,但国之利器还没有被我们完全掌握或者说还有很长的路要走。

安而不忘危,存而不忘亡,治而不忘乱。科学技术是第一生产力,高科技化是未来社会发展的制胜法宝,谁掌握了高科技,未来就是谁的。在这一方面,我们国家出台了《国家中长期科学和技术发展规划纲要》从顶层设计确定了发展"核心电子器件、高端通用芯片及基础软件产品"的重大专项,国家领导人在多个场合强调要加强科技研发抢占科技制高点,2014年5月23日,习近平在上海视察中国商飞设计研发中心时明确提出:“我们要做一个强国,就一定要把装备制造业搞上去,把大飞机搞上去,起带动作用、标志性作用。”“过去有人说造不如买、买不如租,这个逻辑要倒过来”。2016年5月30日,习近平在全国科技创新大会、两院院士大会、中国科协第九次全国代表大会上指出:“科技是国之利器,国家赖之以强,企业赖之以赢,人民生活赖之以好。中国要强,中国人民生活要好,必须有强大科技。”2018年4月24日,习近平总书记在考察三峡大坝时指出“中华民族的伟大复兴,不会是欢欢喜喜、热热闹闹、敲锣打鼓那么轻而易举就实现的。我们要靠自己的努力,大国重器必须掌握在自己手里。要通过自力更生,倒逼自主创新能力的提升。”

同学们,雄鹰因胸怀高远,而翱翔苍穹。我们国华学生秉承“立志修身博学报国”的校训,在各项学习和活动中,踏实努力,积极进取,培养强烈的民族自尊心和自豪感,培养卓越的创新精神和实践能力。在五月末我们将举行校园科技节,各项目负责人都提前进行了试做,他们创意无限,把科技、实践、有趣、互动融入到了每一个项目中,希望每位同学都积极参与,在活动中感受科技的魅力。

我的发言完毕,谢谢大家。

Facing the enemies within

刘加蕾Class one   Senior two

It’s my great honor to stand here and give you a speech. Today my topic is: Facing the enemies within.    

We are not born with courage, and neither are we born with fear. Maybe some of

the fears are brought about by your own experiences. For example, you might feel frightened when you are walking alone at midnight.

Once you learn to avoid that situation, you won’t need to live in fear. Unlike fear, which can be avoided easily, there are another five enemies lurking inside us. If we left them unchecked, they can destroy us. Now let me tell you what they are.  

The first enemy is indifference, which means taking nothing seriously. For example, if we see something unfair happen, and we are capable of stopping it, maybe you will take action to prevent the injustice, but in fact, most of people hold back from even contemplating doing that. That is indifference, which let you just drift along. Here is one problem with drifting: you can’t drift your way to a better future. The second enemy we face is hesitation. Hesitation, which means being slow to speak or act, is the thief of opportunity. If you always do something with hesitation, that is because you feel uncertain or nervous. However, we must be willing to get comfortable with uncertainty. In real life, we can either choose to be comfortable with our uncertainty, or we can watch life pass by, looking back the day wishing we had followed our heart and soul. All of us only get one life. So don’t hesitate anymore! The third enemy inside is doubt. Surely, there is room for healthy skepticism. You can’t believe everything, but you also can’t let doubt take over. Many people doubt  the future, doubt each other, doubt the government, doubt the possibilities and doubt the opportunities. Worse of all, they doubt themselves. Actually doubt will destroy your life and your chances of success. So try your best to get rid of it.

The fourth enemy within is worry. We’ve all got to worry something. Just don’t let it conquer you. Instead, let it alarm you.

You can’t let worry loose like a mad dog that drives you into a small corner. Here’s what you’ve got to do with your worries: drive them into a small corner. Whatever is pushing on you, you’ve got to push back.

The fifth interior enemy is over caution. It is the timid approach to life. Timidity is not a virtue; it’s an illness. If you let it go, it’ll conquer you. Timid people don’t get promoted, don’t advance and don’t’ grow or become powerful. You’ve to avoid over caution.

Strive to fight these enemies and gather your courage to confront what is holding you back and what’s keeping you from your goals and dreams.

I hope everyone can be brave in your life and in your pursuit of the things you want and the person you want to be.

That’s all. Thank you for your listening!

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